Bulgarian Church-St. Stephen’s Orthodox Church

After the original was burnt down, the church was replaced with the larger one which is made of iron. The church was designed by the Ottoman-Armenian architect Hovsep Aznavur. An iron frame was preferred to concrete reinforcement because of the weak ground conditiones.

The Austrian Company R. Ph. Waagner produced the prefabricated cast iron parts of the church. The elements of the church produced in Vienna in 1893-1896 and transported to Istanbul by ship through the Danube and the Black Sea.

In 1898, the church was completed and inaugurated by Exarch Joseph. The church’s skeleton is made of steel and covered by metal boards. All the pieces were joint with nuts, bolts, rivets or welding. The church was conbined with Neo-Gothic and Neo-Baroque styles.

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