Arrive in Istanbul Airport. After the passport control and customs continue to Domestic Flights Terminal for the domestic flight to Izmir. Izmir, the third largest city of Turkey. Arrive in Izmir and you will be greeted by our Romos Travel representative at the airport. Private transfer to your hotel with VIP AC vehicle. You are free rest of the day to explore on your own. Integrated history, culture and modernity, Izmir has a unique vibe that makes the city attract you to explore.
Note: Dinner at hotel. Overnight in Izmir.
Pergamum: Revelation 1.11; 2:12
Smyrna: Revelation 1:11; 2:8; Ignatius: Ephesians 21.1; Magnesians 15; Trallians 1.2; 12.1; 13.1; Romans 10.1; Philippians 11.2; Smyrnaeans Introduction; Martyrdom of Polycarp 12.2; 19.1; Fragments of Papias 1; 2
Thyatira: Acts 16:14; Revelation 1:11; 2:18, 24
After breakfast meet your guide at your hotel and drive north of Izmir for the excursions to Pergamum, one of the most favoured of “7 Churches”. Venture to the ancient Greek city of Pergamon near the town named Bergama today. The Acropolis of Pergamon towers over the northern end of Bergama. It is divided, into the upper and the middle cities with residential areas between them on slopes too steep for civic buildings. To visit the Acropolis you take the cable car to reach the top oh the hill. And you will see; Temple of Trajan, which was built by the Roman Emperor Hadrian in 2C AD. The steepest theater of the ancient world when was constructed in 3C BC, rebuilt by Eumenes II again and has 10,000 seats. The temple of Dionysus located on the North of theater. And some others suc as; bath complex, agora, tempel of Demeter, gate of Eumenes, house of Attalus etc. After pergamon, we drive to Asklepion, a Greco-Roman city where the death shall not enter. There was a healing complex and hospital, built in 4C BC on behalf of Asclepius. It was one of the most important cities with their healing methods and architecture. Asklepion is also a Roman city where they built theater with 3,500 capacity. Temples and sanctuaries. The cut stone with two serpent relief has become the symbol of medicine. After the tour in Asklepion, we drive to Thyatira, founded as a Lydian town near the shrine of the Lydian sun god Tyrimnus. Seleucid I settled Macedonian soldiers at Thyatira to form a military colony, because of its strategic location. Thyatira was the fourth of the Seven Churches (Revelation 1-3). The letter to Thyatira is the central and longest of the seven letters. According to Epiphanius, the city was completely Christian but aligned with the Montanist movement in 200 AD. After Thyatira, we drive back to Izmir to visit the Church of Polycarp, served as bishop of Symrna for at least forty-five and maybe sixty years. He was executed by the Romans at the age 86 for his refusal to renounce his faith and sacrifice to the genius of the emperor is recorded in the Martyrdom of Polycarp.
After the Pergamon, Asklepion and Symrna sightseeing tour, drive back to hotel. Overnight in Izmir.
Note: Breakfast and Dinner at hotel, Lunch at local restaurant.
Sardis: Obadiah 20; Revelation 1:11; 3:1, 4
Philadelphia: 1:11; 3:7; Ignatius: Philadelphians Introduction; Martyrdom of Polycarp 19.1
After check-out and breakfast, we drive to Sardis, was the capital city of the Lydian civilization. The legendary king Croesus came from the gold found in the Pactolus River (560-546 BC). Sardis was known as a textile center, producing wool to make the “himation”, the most common outer garment for men and woman in the ancient times. Alexander the Great captured the city from the Persian rule in 334 BC then Sardis served as the capital city of Seleucid Empire until 190 BC. Under the Roman rule, the population about 100,000 residents. Plutarch’s “How to Rule a City” was written to residents of Sardis. The city was the fifth of the Seven Churhes addressed by John in Revelation 1-3. Melito was the bishop of Sardis. Today, you can see the unearthed elements of Sardis such as; Lydian House, temple of Artemis, Byzantine Church, theater, Marble Court, bath and gymnasium complex, synagogue. After lunch, we drive to Philadelphia, founded by the Pergamene king Attalus II (159-138 BC) which is the newest of the cities of the Seven Churches . when the Romans attempted to turn Attalus against his brother Eumenes II, he remained loyal, thereby earning the nick name “Philadelphus” (Polybus 30:1-3; 31.1; 32.1). Philadelphia was the sixth of the Seven Churches mentioned in Revelation 1-3. Ammia and Quadratus were Christian prophets who ministered in Philadelphia during the reign of Hadrian. After the tour, we drive to Denizli to stay overnight in Pamukkale.
After the Sardis and Philadelphia sightseeing tour, drive back to hotel. Overnight in Pamukkale.
Note: Breakfast at hotel, Lunch at local restaurant.
Hierapolis: Colossians 4:13; Fragments of Papias 1; 2; 3.9; 5; 6; 7; 12; 13; 16; 17; 19; 21; 22; 23
Laodicea: Colossians 2:1, 4;13, 15-16; Revelation 1:11; 3:14; Fragments of Papias 18
After check-out and breakfast, we drive to Hierapolis ancient city. We are going to see the largest Necropolis of the ancient times. The cemetery dates between 2C BC- 3C AD and has 1200 tombs, 300 epitaphs have been read and published. Roman Bath dates 2C AD, the structure was converted in to a church in 6C AD. Olive press used for processing olive oil. Frontinus Street with its Doric style façade extending 170 m to the Byzantine Gate, dates back to late 4C AD when the city grew they needed a defensive Wall around it. The Great Cathedral, dates 6C AD when the city was promoted to metropolis Phyrigia. The cathedral has narthex, three ailes and an apse. Plutonium, newly discovered as the shrine of Pluto. Agora was built in the 2C AD. It was one of the largest market place in the ancient world. The Martyrium of Philip, the Ephesian bishop Polycrates said that the tomb of apostle Philip and his two daughters could still be seen in Hiearpolis. The theater is one of the best well-preserved theatres of the ancient World and had a capacity of 12,000 persons. The Antique Pool, also known as Cleopatra’ Pool where you can swim among the ancient ruins in the water. After the archeological sightseeing, you are having free time about 1 hour then proceed to the Travertines where you can enjoy with by walking on the white terraces. The water has been coming underground and flowing down to the slopes for centuries. We are having lunch at a local restaurant then drive to Laodicea ( city of Zeus), entering from the Syrian Street which have been unearthed in recent years. The Agora where standing near by the enterance. The theater which was built by the Greeks with 12,000 persons capacity. The basilica, built i 6C AD. Corinthian Temple which has Roman style columns. The remainings of the gate of Ephesus which was dedicated to the Roman Emperor Domitian in the end of 1C AD. The stadium, built by the Romans and one of the biggest stadiums with an arena in Anatolia.
After the Pamukkale and Laodicea Tour sightseeing tour, drive to Kusadasi.
Note: Breakfast and Dinner at hotel, Lunch at local restaurant.
Ephesus: Acts 18:19-21, 24-26; 19:1-20:1; 20:16-17;1 Corinthians 15:32; 16:8; Ephesians 1:1; 1 Timothy 1:3; 2 Timothy 1:18; 4:12; Revelation 1:11; 2:1-7; Ignatius: Ephesians Introduction; 8.1 11.2; Magnesians 15; Trallians 13.1; Romans 10.1; Philippians 11.2; Smyrnaeans 12.1; Fragment of Papias 6
After breakfast, we start to Ephesus Tour. Our Professional tour guide will be introducing the ancient sites of Ephesus. We will drive to Virgin Mary’s House, upon the dream of German nun Anna Katherina Emerich, the Lazarist priests followed the descriptions and the signs then discovered the house 1891 CE. According to Catholic belief Mary was taken here by St. John and she spent the rest of her earthly life there. After the Virgin Mary’s House we proceed to Ephesus Ancient City, which was the capital city of the Asia Minor during the Roman era. According to myth, Ephesus was founded by Greek commander Androculos around 1,000 BCE. Moreover, Alexander the Great, Lysimachus, Coressus, Antiochus II either invaded or ruled in this city. While the excavations are still going on, you will see the ancient remains such as: State Agora (a marketplace and meeting point), Odeon (Bouleuterion) concert house and council, Town Hall and Artemis Sanctuary, Domitian Square a complex consisting of temple fountain and a bath, Curetes Street collonaded and monumental Street in Ephesus, The Hadrian Temple dedicated to Emperor Hadrian dating to 200 BCE, Latrines the public toilets, Celsus Library proves us that how Ephesians were intellectual and dates back to 200 BCE with the library having had 12,000 scrolls, Forum a commercial center located by the port and finally The Great Theater the largest ancient theater with 25,000 capacity. After Ephesus ancient city we drive to lunch and we are visiting to St. John Basilica, The Emperor Justinian (527-565) built the basilica of St John on the site of the saint’s fourth century church and tomb. With cruciform plan and six domes extending 110m. long, it was his grandest creation outside Constantinople. It conforms to a splendid architectural type first developed under Constantine I in the church of the Holy Apostles in Constantinople. Visit to the Temple of Artemis which was one of the seven ancient wonders of the World.
After the Ephesus sightseeing tour, drive back to the hotel.
Note: Lunch at local restaurant.
Breakfast at hotel, Pick up from hotel and transfer to Izmir Airport for flight back to Istanbul for your International flight.
After completed amazing Seven Churches of Revelations Turkey Tour, Romos Travel wishes all guests very healty and wonderful life ahead…