The Ankara Anatolian Civilizations Museum is located nearby Ankara Castle. The museum building was first an Ottoman caravanserai which Mahmud Pasha built in the 15th century. The caravansarai has 28 rooms on the ground floor and 30 rooms on the first floor. This is the first museum in Ankara which Mubarek Galip bey founded in 1921.
Since Anatolia is the cradle of civilizations, the museum houses many artefacts and findings from the Palaeolithic Age to the present.
Palaeolithic Age (- 8,000): The remainings were discovered in the Antalya Karain cave. In the Palaeolithic Age, people were hunters and gatherers and were living in the caves. Some artefacts and bones are on display in the museum.
Neolithic Age (8,000-5,500): This age is the beginning of agriculture when also some communities were established. Turkey has two important settlements, which are Çatalhöyük and Hacilar, located in central Anatolia. The museum houses the mother goddess cult, earthenware and some tools on display.
Chalcolithic Age (Copper Age 5,500-3,000): The people started to use copper rather than bones and stones in daily life. Anatolia has some settlement of this age; Tilkitepe, Hacilar, Alişar, Alacahöyük.
Old Bronze Age (3,000-1950): In this age, the people added tin and alloy to copper and invented Bronze. They learned about all metals of the age with casting and hammering techniques. The museum has some remaining from Alacahoyuk, Hasanoglan, Mahmatlar, Eskiyapar, Horoztepe, Karaoglan, Merzifon, Etiyokusu.
Hittites (1,750-1,200 BC): The first well-organized civilization in Anatolia was settled by Kızılırmak basin. The capital city was Hattuşaş and their other cities were Inandik, Eskiyapar, Alacahoyuk, Alisar and Ferzant. The Hittites left many artefacts in Anatolia that some of them are on display in The Ankara Anatolian Civilizations Museum.
The museum has countless other historical pieces from the Phrygians, Urartus, Greeks, Romans, Seljuks and Ottomans.
You can book the Ankara Anatolian Civilizations Museum Tour with Romos Travel.
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