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The mausoleum was built between 353-350 BC for Musolos, the Carian King, by his sister Artemisia II of Caria. The Mausoleum was designed by the architect Satyros and Pythius.

The tomb was around 45 m in height, the four sides were ornated with reliefs, and four different sculptors decorated each side. After the tomb was completed, the Antipater of Sidon declared it one of the world’s seven wonders. Mausolus started the tomb before he died, then continued by his sister Artemis. She invited the most talented sculptors of the time that even Scopas, who had supervised the Temple of Artemis at Ephesus, came to Halicarnassus (the ancient name of Bodrum).

The tomb was centered in the middle of the structure, with a stairway flanked by stone lions leading to the top; stone warriors mounted on horseback to guard the tomb at each corner.

It is unknown when and how the Mausoleum came to ruin, and maybe the earthquakes damaged it, or the following civilizations used or recycled the Stones throughout history.

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Bodrum City Tour Turkey

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