MILETOS/MILETUS ANCIENT CITY

During the Archaic Era, Miletos led the Hellenic world in both intellectual achievement and trade. As the Greeks of Western Anatolia contended with the Persian Empire, Milesians played a pivotal role in events that affected Ionia. Destroyed, rebuilt, and finally abandoned, its ruins rise out of waterlogged ground or bale hillsides to haunt us.

Miletos was the first city in Anatolia to be colonized by the Greeks. In about 1700 BCE, in the Middle Bronze Age, Minoans from Crete were attracted by its ideal situation on a defensible peninsula with four natural harbors and good agricultural land. Miletos was the most wealthy city where firstly coins were minted. Moreover, Miletos was the home of the most important ancient philosophers in the 7-6 BC. Thales originated scientific thought; Anaximander was the first skeptical thinker. His student Anaximenes made the first material principle studies and home of Isidorus, one of Hagia Sophia architects. In recent years, they have discovered that Miletos had been built on a grid plan. Hippodamus, named as “ father of city planning” by Aristotle, received credit for this type of urban design.

When you travel to Miletos, firstly, a giant theatre welcomes you, firstly built by the Greeks then expanded by the Romans with the capacity of 15,000 persons. When the Turks began to invade the city, the Byzantine Citadel served as the governor’s palace. Agora, the shopping, and the meeting point. Lion Harbour, bringing the chaotic scene of maritime commerce. Harbour Monument commemorated Octavian’s triumph, which was erected after the Battle of Actium in 31 AD. Sacred Way, ceremonial Street 28 m. 100 m. Long where the important events took place. Hellenistic Gymnasium, the Greeks attached to education and athletic pieces of training for boys. Bouleuterion, the council where the boule met to discuss the day-to-day running of the city. And you can see many others in this magnificent ancient city with Romos Travel.

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