History of Turkey

All About Turkey

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The history of Turkey from this title we can understand as the. Between the formation of the Republic on the 29th of October 1923 and the present days oOf Ottoman in Turkey phelix but we are going to refer to the entire history of this land practically the history of the region now forming the territory of not only the Republic of Turkey but also Anatolia the earliest representations of culture in Anatolia where some stone-age artifacts due to its strategic location at the intersection of Asia and Europe and Anatolia has been an important place of several civilizations since prehistoric times at the start of the Bronze Age Metallurgy spread to Anatolia from Transcaucasian cultures in the late fourth millennium BCE and it’s lonely entered in the sphere of influence of the Akkadian empire many civilizations existed here speaking about one the Hittite civilization was a member of an ancient Indo-European people who appeared in Anatolia at the beginning of the second millennium BCE by 1340 BCE they have become one of the dominant powers in the Middle East the remnants of Bronze Age civilization such as the Haitian. Akkadian. Assyrian in Hittite people’s provide us with many examples of the daily lives of its citizens and their trade after the fall of the Hittites the new state of Phrygia and Lydia stood strong in the western coast as Greece civilization began to flourish they and all the rest of Anatolia we’re relatively soon incorporated into the Persian Empire more from the East a new power emerged Persia grew in power more and more and influence the lands of the West expanding in Anatolia their system of local government in Anatolia allowed many cities in ports to grow and become wealthy because of the influx of trade and Road networks between the East and West the region of Anatolia got divided into various regions satrapi’s ruled by satraps Governors appointed by the central Persian rulers in the earliest 5th Century BC some of the ionian Cities under Persian rule revolted which culminated into the ionian revolt revolt after being easily suppressed by the Persians led to the popular greco-persian Wars one of the most known and crucial Wars from the ancient history this greco-persian war led to the more conflicts in Greek Peninsula fights for power and influence happened and revenge sentiment mixed with good leadership has led to the growth of Macedonian Kingdom Philip II and his son. 

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Alexander the Great who gained control of the whole region and conquered Persia in successive battles from this point Anatolia was more and more influenced by the Hellenic world’s after Alexander’s death his conquests were split among several of his trusted generals the seleucid Empire the largest of Alexander’s territories and which included in attolia became involved in wars with Rome more years later The Rise of Rome was built across the Mediterranean Basin the control of Anatolia was strengthened by Rome allowing local control to govern effectively and provide military protection expanding deep into Anatolian territory territory here developed in Roman times new to the rise of instability in the Empire and the permanent raised from foreign Invaders In the fourth Century ad the emperor Constantine the Great established a new administrative Center at the city of Byzantium called Constantinople after his name and by the end of the fourth Century the Roman Empire split into two parts the western part with Rome as its capital in the eastern part with Constantinople as its capital in empire referred to by historians as the Byzantine Empire the process of hellenization that begin with Alexander’s Conquest accelerated under Roman rule in the ancient Greek language and culture was predominant in the region Turkish people and related groups migrated West from Turkestan and what is now Mongolia towards Eastern Europe, Iranian plateau and Anatolia The seljuk Turk men’s created a medieval Empire that controlled a vast area stretching from the Hindu Kush to Eastern Anatolia in from Central Asia to the Persian Gulf many wars the emerging of new empires migrations raids in the incompetence of some leaders created the slow process of the Byzantine decline throughout time their Decline and The Growing Power of the seljuks led to the conflicts in to the famous battle of manzikert on 26th of August 10th 71 which is believed to be the open gate for the turkic people which will come in Anatolia in the next decades and centuries this important battle was fought between the Byzantine Empire and the Seljuk Empire near manzikert the defeat of the Byzantine empire in the capture of mono stereo Jenny’s 4th is an important chapter in the history of Anatolia and in the history of what will be known as the Ottoman Empire and the Republic of Turkey the sultanate of rum seceded from the great seljuk Empire and they ruled Central Anatolia as the seljuk sultanate of rum started to crumble many other smaller regions emerged ruled by different leaders these small kingdoms were called beyliks one of them was ruled by Osman which will be known as Osman the first the founder of the Ottoman Empire it’s believed that Osmanlı early followers consist of both of Turkish tribal groups and Byzantine Renegades but not all were Muslims it is not known for sure how this balak started to dominate the region but one thing was sure the Byzantine Empire was very vulnerable the new Empire expanded into Europe defeating local leaders and taking profit from the instability of the region by the year 1400 the Ottomans were a true power having control of much of the Balkans and Western Anatolia the collapse of Constantinople in the year of 1453 and the end of the last vestiges of the Roman Empire Consolidated their power and their notoriety for the next centuries in which the Empire will expand even further reaching its peak in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries inflation lost battles the defeats against the Russians in the habsburgs and some crisis and rebellions marked the decline of the Ottomans the start of the 19th century was marked by national movements many people from different ethnicities lived in different Empires or administrative forms and Rebellion started to happen the Serbian Revolution 1804 to 1815 marked the beginning of an era of a national Awakening also even some Arabs led by the all sod family revolted against the Ottomans in 1821 the Greeks declared war on the sultan achieving Independence in 1830 the French invade Algeria which was lost to the Empire in 1831 Muhammad Ali revolted and created a civil war with the aim of making himself Sultan as we can see the ottoman experience huge instability marked by defeats fat Administration revolts and national movement across the Empire you do it’s over extensions on lands with different peoples and cultures the Empire continued in the next years of the nineteenth Century to lose Wars and territories and to fail in the creating of new reforms the collapse of the Empire is a more detailed subject but if you want to know more about that we already made a more detailed video about their collapse at the start of the first world war the Ottoman Empire was at its final days joining the Central Powers in the conflict after their defeat the Empire crumbled and many of their territories were conceded in favor of Greece, Italy, Britain and France this lost created the start of the Turkish National which will be known as the Turkish war of independence led by Mustafa Kemal by September 18th 1922 the occupying armies were expelled on November 1st the newly-founded parliament formally abolished the salt in it the sending 623 years of Ottoman rule the Treaty of lausanne of July 24th 1923 led to the international recognition of the sovereignty of the newly-formed Republic of Turkey as a successor state of the Ottoman Empire and the Republic was officially proclaimed on October 29th 1923 in the new capital of Ankara Mustafa Kemal became the Republic’s first president of Turkey and subsequently introduced to many radical reforms more rights for women were established a new writing system in the Latin alphabet for the Turkish language was created and many others turkey was neutral in World War II and they refused German request to allow troops access to its borders and just area or the USSR due to the growing tensions of the Cold War the US guarantee the security of turkey and Greece turkey joined NATO in 1952 an important member especially due to its Geographic position at the border with USSR on the island of Cyprus instability in Conflict started to exist in the military coup of July 1974 overthrowing president makarios and installing. Turkey took Cyprus in 1974 later the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus was established but just Turkey recognizes it as a single party. Was followed by multi-party democracy after 1945 the Turkish democracy was interrupted by internal problems and by military coups in 1960 1971 and 1980 since the liberalization of the Turkish economy during the 1980s the country has enjoyed stronger economic growth and greater political stability also a boom in population happened in this country going from 17 million people in the 1930s 2 over 86 million today.

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