The Capital city of modern Turkey, with its 8 million population, is the second biggest city after Istanbul. According to ancient historian Stephanos Byzantinos, Ankara was founded by the Galatians and named as Ancyra which means “anchor” in Latin. The historian tells us that the Galatians fought with king Pontos Mithradates against Ptolemaios at the Black Sea in 4C BC. With the Galatian forces, Mithradates won the battle then presented them a land and anchor. The Galatians settled around Ankara and presented the anchor to the Temple Men.
Ankara has always been important location for the civilizations. According to researches, Lydians, Phrygians, Hittites had been liven in Ankara. Byzantine emperors used to come for resting and for the Ottomans, Ankara was the central state in Anatolia. Emperor Augustos conquered Ankara and he built markets, water ways and roads. Within this time, Ankara became one of the most important places of Christianity. During the reign of Sultan Suleiman the Magnificant, Ankara became a central province and the Ottomans built mosques, fountains and developed the city. You can book Ankara City Tour with Romos Travel.
After the Ottoman Empire lost the WW1, the allies invaded Ottoman capital Istanbul and most of the coasts. Atatürk and his commanders chosed Ankara because of its strategic location to start the national sovereignity war. On 29 October 1923, the Republic of Turkey was founded and Atatürk became the first president of Turkey.